Overview and Legal Status

IN BRIEF / EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
Status Public / Intergovernmental / Treaty-based
Statutes / Charter United Nations Treaty Series I-49006/49007
Dedicated Site www.euclidtreaty.org
University Categorization “International / Intergovernmental”
Similar Institutions See list below
Participating UN Member States 12 including 9 with completed UN treaty registration
Headquarters (Diplomatic and Academic) Banjul, Gambia
Special Office (with standing HQ accord) Bangui, C.A.R. (Capacity Building and Reconstruction)
Secretary-General & Treaty Depositary Syed Zahid Ali
High Steward Ambassador Juan Avila, PhD (Dominican Republic)
AN INTERGOVERNMENTAL UNIVERSITY

EUCLID (Pôle Universitaire Euclide | Euclid University) is, like the European Central Bank, NATO or the African Union, an international intergovernmental organization (IGO).

It was established by treaty, under international law, in 2008. Its special status is indicated by the authorized use of the restricted “.int” domain.

EUCLID also holds a university charter as well as a specific mandate in the field of higher education and sustainable development. It belongs to the exclusive group of intergovernmental universities (see below) having that rare status under international law, the most famous of which being theUnited Nations University, the University for Peace, and the European University Institute.

Intergovernmental Universities

EUCLID’s constitutive text with its charter, approved by its Participating States, was duly registered and published in the United Nations Treaty Series (OMOU /UFA ) in December 2010 according to the provisions of Article 102 of the United Nations Charter.

As of 2015, EUCLID serves 12 Participating States (just over 6% of the UN membership) spanning 4 continents (Africa, Americas, Asia, Australia-Pacific).

Its primary service is to the government staff of its Participating States, but EUCLID also accepts a limited number of students from the general public as well as officials working for non-Participating States such as Bosnia and Herzegovina, Kenya, etc.

EUCLID has its global headquarters in Banjul, Gambia, and is a full member in good standing of the Association of African Universities, and of United Nations Academic Impact, among others.

See also: EUCLID Participating States

See also: EUCLID’s constitutive documents as filed with and published by the United Nations on treaties.un.org

AN "INTERNATIONAL / INTERGOVERNMENTAL UNIVERSITY"

EUCLID belongs to the exclusive category of “international / intergovernmental” institutions of higher learning established under international law, either directly by UN Member States or in some cases by UN-related organs and organizations.

In global universities databases and directories, these institutions are either listed in the “regional / international” group or under the national entry of their headquarters country, for instance the University for Peace under Costa Rica.

As of 2015, the other similar institutions are listed hereunder, sorted by date of establishment:

Institution

Est.

ILP?

Legal Status

Parent Organization

Charter

HQ

European University Institute

1972

Yes

Intergovernmental university

Self

Agreement between several EU Member States (no UNTS)

Florence*

United Nations University

1973

No

Autonomous institution within the UN

United Nations

UN GA Resolution

Tokyo*

Eastern and Southern African Management Institute (ESAMI)

1979

Yes

Intergovernmental organization and international university

Self

Agreement establishing the ESAMI

Arusha*

University for Peace

1980

Yes

Intergovernmental organization and international university

United Nations

Agreement between several UN Member States (UNTS)

San Jose*

École Supérieure Multinationale des Télécommunications

1981

Yes

Intergovernmental organization and international university

Self (UNDP project)

Agreement between several AU Member States (no UNTS)

Dakar*

World Maritime University

1983

No

Institution within the IMO

International Maritime Organization

IMO GA Resolution

Malmö *

IMO International Maritime Law Institute

1988

No

Unclear, probably Institution within the IMO

IMO

Agreement between Malta and IMO (no UNTS)

Valleta*

Academy of European Law

1992

No

Public Foundation

Unclear

International Statutes (no UNTS)

Trieste

Franco-German University

1997

Yes

Network of Universities

Self

Agreement between France and Germany (partial UNTS)

Saarbrücken

Franco-Italian University

1998

No

Bi-national institution

Self

Agreement between France and Italy (no UNTS)

Grenoble

University of Central Asia

2001

Unclear

International university

Self (sponsored by Aga Khan Foundation)

Agreement between 3 UN Member States (UNTS)

Bishkek

African Virtual University

2003

Yes

Intergovernmental organization and international university

World Bank (sponsor)

Agreement between 8 AU Member States (no UNTS)

Kinshasa*

South Asian University

2007

Yes

International non-profit university

SAARC

Agreement between 8 UU Member States (no UNTS)

New Delhi

EUCLID (Euclid University)

2008

Yes

Intergovernmental organization and international university

IOSD (as NGO)

Agreement between several UN Member States (UNTS)

Brussels, Bangui, Banjul+

TAU/DTU (Deutsch-Türkische Universität)

2010

?

Binational institution

Self

Agreement between Turkey and Germany (partial UNTS)

Ankara

AIT (Asian Institute of Technology)

2011

Yes

Intergovernmental organization and international university

AIT under previous form

Agreement between several UN Member States (no UNTS)

Pathum Thani

(Note: ILP means “international legal personality”)

Read also the full page or article on “Understanding the legal status and degree-granting authority of the “International Universities”” [Web | PDF]